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J Clin Oncol. 2007 Oct 10;25(29):4622-7.

Phase II trial of irinotecan in children with refractory solid tumors: a Children's Oncology Group Study.

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Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.



A phase II study was performed to determine the efficacy of irinotecan (IRN) in children with refractory solid tumors. Secondary objectives were to evaluate toxicity, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and UGT1A1 genotype.


A total of 181 patients were enrolled, of whom 171 were eligible. Patients received IRN 50 mg/m2/d for 5 days repeated every 3 weeks. Pharmacokinetic studies and UGT1A1 genotyping were performed.


Of 161 patients assessable for response, one patient with hepatoblastoma had a complete response, with partial responses observed in patients with medulloblastoma (n = 4), rhabdomyosarcoma (n = 1), neuroblastoma (n = 1), and germinoma (n = 1), for an overall response rate of 5%. Grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 to 4 diarrhea occurred in less than 7% of the courses administered. Pharmacokinetic studies were available for 79 patients. The mean +/- standard deviation IRN plasma clearance was 374 +/- 148 mL/min/m2, with median relative extent of conversion and relative extent of glucuronidation of 0.05 (range, 0.01 to 0.25) and 2.24 (range, 0.39 to 9.6), respectively. No association between UGT1A1 genotype (n = 61) and toxicity or pharmacokinetic parameters was observed.


IRN 50 mg/m2/d for 5 days every 21 days is well tolerated, but was not effective as a single agent in a spectrum of solid tumors, with the possible exception of patients with medulloblastoma (16% response rate). There was no association between UGT1A1*28 genotype and toxicity or pharmacokinetic parameters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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