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J Proteome Res. 2007 Nov;6(11):4363-73. Epub 2007 Oct 9.

Two-dimensional reversed-phase x ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC: an alternative approach to high-resolution peptide separation for shotgun proteome analysis.

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Department of Chemistry, Instrumental Analysis and Bioanalysis, and Biochemical Engineering, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbr├╝cken, Germany.


A two-dimensional separation scheme for shotgun proteome analysis employing high-pH reversed-phase HPLC in the first and low-pH ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC in the second dimension (RP x IP-RP-HPLC) has been developed and evaluated. Compared to the classical strong cation exchange x ion-pair reversed-phase (SCX x IP-RP-HPLC) approach, the RP x IP-RP-HPLC system was characterized by a lower degree of orthogonality, which was, however, more than counterbalanced by higher separation efficiency, more homogeneous distribution of peptide elution, and easier experimental handling. Peptide fragment fingerprinting by electrospray-ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) was employed for peptide detection and identification. About 13% more peptides and 7% more proteins could be identified with the alternative approach in 30% less analysis time, enabling the analysis of the proteome of Corynebacterium glutamicum with a coverage of 24.9% (745 proteins). Combining the identification results both of the SCX- x IP-RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS and RP- x IP-RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS methods, a total of 871 proteins were identified in a cytosolic protein preparation, which represented 29.1% of all proteins annotated in the genome of C. glutamicum.

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