Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2008 Apr;16(4):489-97. Epub 2007 Oct 10.

Nitric oxide enhances aggrecan degradation by aggrecanase in response to TNF-alpha but not IL-1beta treatment at a post-transcriptional level in bovine cartilage explants.

Author information

Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.



The objective of this study was to determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced matrix damage, compared to interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta), in bovine cartilage explant cultures.


Cartilage explants were subjected to treatment with TNF-alpha (100ng/ml), IL-1beta (10 ng/ml) and to the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N-methyl-arginine (L-NMA; 1.25 mM) for 26, 50 or 120 h (5 days). The collected medium was analyzed for sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG), nitrate and nitrite, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity by zymography, and aggrecan degradation by immunoblotting of aggrecan-G1 and aggrecan-G1-NITEGE fragments. RNA was extracted from the 26 and 50 h treated explants for real time quantitative PCR analyses.


TNF-alpha and IL-1beta treatment caused a 3-5 fold increase in sGAG release with an increase in aggrecanase-specific aggrecan breakdown and an increase in nitrate and nitrite production. L-NMA treatment inhibited almost 50% of the sGAG release caused by TNF-alpha treatment, with concomitant decrease in the aggrecanase-specific-NITEGE neo-epitope of aggrecan released into the medium. No L-NMA effect was identified with IL-1beta. TNF-alpha and IL-1beta both increased a disintegrin and matrix metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motif (ADAMTS)4 and ADAMTS5 transcription with no effect by L-NMA, suggesting that NO regulates aggrecanase activity at a post-transcriptional level in response to TNF-alpha. TNF-alpha and IL-1beta both caused an increase in protease transcription (MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5) and in pro-inflammatory enzymes, inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, as well as a decrease in matrix protein transcription, including collagen II, aggrecan, fibromodulin and link protein (IL-1beta only), and an increase in MMP-3 and MMP-9 secretion. L-NMA had no effect on gene transcription or MMP secretion.


NO regulates aggrecanase activity at a post-transcriptional level in response to TNF-alpha treatment while having no effect on IL-1beta treated cartilage explants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center