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J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Oct;42(10):1671-6.

Ten-year experience in the management of total colonic aganglionosis.

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1
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, 200032 Shanghai, PR China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to review the 10 years' experience in the management of patients with total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) and follow-up of their health condition.

METHODS:

Cases of 25 patients with TCA in the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from 1996 to 2005 were reviewed and analyzed. The confirmed diagnosis was established by an intraoperative frozen-section biopsy of the rectum, colon, appendix, and ileum. The data included in this study accounted for sex, age, signs of presentation, any familiar history of Hirschsprung disease (HD) or associated abnormalities, and ileal involvement. Plain x-ray films, barium enema, and anorectal manometry were provided for evaluation. The results of surgical management were analyzed for weight at definite operation, blood requirement during operation, the total parenteral nutrition duration, and the pre- and postoperative complications of these patients. Follow-up data were collected regarding growth development, stool frequency, stool consistency, fecal soiling, incontinence, enterocolitis, and anal stricture.

RESULTS:

Among 25 patients, 8 (32%) females and 17 (68%) males were diagnosed as having TCA. Sixteen patients (64%) were evaluated at the neonatal period, whereas 9 patients (36%) were evaluated after the neonatal period. All 25 patients received at least 1 plain abdominal radiograph or barium enema at the university hospital before operation. However, there was no specific pathognomonic finding that may provide a definite diagnosis. Nineteen (76%) patients underwent initial laparotomy at our institute and 6 patients (24%) were operated on beforehand at other hospitals. Twenty-three (92%) patients were diagnosed as having TCA and underwent ileostomy, whereas 2 (8%) patients underwent primary pull-through procedure. Eighteen (72%) patients had undergone definite surgery. Pre- and postoperative complications included enterocolitis (44.4%), perianal excoriation (77.7%), electrolyte imbalance (50%), and anastomotic leak (16.6%). Average duration of total parenteral nutrition before operation was 17.77 +/- 12.54 days and after operation was 10.27 +/- 5.23 days. Mean follow-up time was 27.6 +/- 35.39 months. Two patients had 5 to 6 bowel movements per day. Seven had a frequency of stool ranging between 1 and 3 bowel movements per day. Their bowel movements returned to normal about 12 to 18 months after surgery. On follow-up, the height and weight development of the patients was found to be normal.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gradual progress was observed in all the patients that took part in the study, and all patients had positive results eventually.

PMID:
17923194
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2007.05.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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