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J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Oct;42(10):E9-12.

Continuous remission in an infant with chest wall malignant rhabdoid tumor after relapse.

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Department of Pediatrics, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.


Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is a highly aggressive tumor that occurs in infancy or childhood. The prognosis, especially in infants, is very poor. Here we report the long-term survival of a 5-month-old boy with MRT that arose from the chest wall. After total resection of the tumor, the patient was given 4 cycles of doxorubicin, vincristine, and cyclophosphamide, alternating with ifosfamide and etoposide. After 18 months off therapy, he had a local recurrence at the same site. After a second total resection, he was given additional chemotherapy with 30.6-Gy local irradiation. No further recurrence has been observed for 5 years since the second complete remission. Currently, he is alive and well at 7.5 years post-onset. Our experience in this case suggests a fundamental strategy of successful treatment of this highly malignant pediatric tumor: (1) complete resection of the localized tumor, (2) intensive multiagent chemotherapy for the minimal disseminated disease, and (3) radiotherapy for local control of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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