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Cell. 2007 Oct 5;131(1):93-105.

Acetylation-dependent signal transduction for type I interferon receptor.

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Department of Surgery, Brown University Medical School, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA.


Cytokine-activated receptors initiate intracellular signaling by recruiting protein kinases that phosphorylate the receptors on tyrosine residues, thus enabling docking of SH2 domain-bearing activating factors. Here we report that in response to type 1 interferon (IFNalpha), IFNalpha receptors recruit cytoplasmic CREB-binding protein (CBP). By binding to IFNalphaR2 within the region where two adjacent proline boxes bear phospho-Ser364 and phospho-Ser384, CBP acetylates IFNalphaR2 on Lys399, which in turn serves as the docking site for interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF9). IRF9 interacts with the acetyl-Lys399 motif by means of its IRF homology2 (IH2) domain, leading to formation of the ISGF3 complex that includes IRF9, STAT1, and STAT2. All three components are acetylated by CBP. Remarkably, acetylation within the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of both IRF9 and STAT2 is critical for the ISGF3 complex activation and its associated antiviral gene regulation. These results have significant implications concerning the central role of acetylation in cytokine receptor signal transduction.

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