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Hemodial Int. 2007 Oct;11(4):448-55.

Relative blood volume measurements during hemodialysis: comparisons between three noninvasive devices.

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Dialysis Center Groningen, Division of Nephrology, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.


The monitoring of relative blood volume changes (DeltaRBV) has been advocated for the prevention of hemodialysis (HD) hypotension. Stand-alone devices (Crit-Line) or devices incorporated into the HD apparatus (blood volume monitor [BVM], Hemoscan) are widely used for this purpose. Comparisons between devices are scarce. The aim of this study was, first, to compare DeltaRBV results from these 3 devices with DeltaRBV calculated from changes in laboratory-derived hemoglobin (DeltaRBV-lab-Hb) and, second, to compare DeltaRBV results between the different devices. Fourteen patients received 2 HD treatments in a randomized order: one with the Hemoscan and Crit-Line combination and one with the BVM and Crit-Line combination. DeltaRBV-lab-Hb was measured at 2 and 4 hr into the HD session. Bland-Altman analyses showed that DeltaRBV results from the 3 devices differed systematically from DeltaRBV-lab-Hb, i.e., the difference between the 3 devices and DeltaRBV-lab-Hb varied significantly (p<0.05) with the magnitude of the measurement. The interdevice comparison showed considerable differences in DeltaRBV results. At the end of the treatment, a significant difference (p<0.05) between DeltaRBV measured by the Hemoscan and Crit-Line device (-9.8+/-2.7% and -11.5+/-4%, respectively) was found. In most patients, a systematic difference between Crit-Line and Hemoscan and between Crit-Line and BVM was observed. Relative blood volume change measurements by Crit-Line, Hemoscan, and BVM yield results that differ systematically from the results obtained from laboratory-derived Hb changes. Furthermore, there are substantial differences in DeltaRBV results between the 3 DeltaRBV devices.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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