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Hum Mol Genet. 2007 Dec 15;16(24):3174-87. Epub 2007 Oct 6.

An antisense transcript spanning the CGG repeat region of FMR1 is upregulated in premutation carriers but silenced in full mutation individuals.

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1
Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.

Abstract

Expansion of the polymorphic CGG repeats within the 5'-UTR of the FMR1 gene is associated with variable transcriptional regulation of FMR1. Here we report a novel gene, ASFMR1, overlapping the CGG repeat region of FMR1 and transcribed in the antisense orientation. The ASFMR1 transcript is spliced, polyadenylated and exported to the cytoplasm. Similar to FMR1, ASFMR1 is upregulated in individuals with premutation alleles and is not expressed from full mutation alleles. Moreover, it exhibits premutation-specific alternative splicing. Taken together, these observations suggest that in addition to FMR1, ASFMR1 may contribute to the variable phenotypes associated with the CGG repeat expansion.

PMID:
17921506
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/ddm293
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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