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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007 Oct;62(10):1096-105.

A method for identifying biomarkers of aging and constructing an index of biological age in humans.

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Department of Sport Science, Kyoto Iken College of Medicine and Health, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8203, Japan.


This study was conducted to identify biomarkers of aging and to construct an index of biological age in humans. Healthy adult men (n = 86) who had received an annual health examination from 1992 through 1998 were studied. From 29 physiological variables, five variables (forced expiratory volume in 1 second, systolic blood pressure, hematocrit, albumin, blood urea nitrogen) were selected as candidate biomarkers of aging. Five candidate biomarkers expressed substantial covariance along one principal component. The first principal component obtained from a principal component analysis was used to calculate biological age scores (BAS). Individual BAS showed high longitudinal stability of age-related changes. Age-related changes of BAS are characterized by three components: age, peak functional capacity, and aging rate. A logistic regression analysis suggested that aging rate was influenced by environmental factors, but peak functional capacity was almost independent of environmental factors.

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