Send to

Choose Destination
Anal Chim Acta. 2007 Oct 10;601(2):218-29. Epub 2007 Sep 2.

Sorption characteristics and chromatographic separation of gold (I and III) from silver and base metal ions using polyurethane foams.

Author information

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt.


The influence of different parameters on the sorption profiles of trace and ultra traces of gold (I) species from the aqueous cyanide media onto the solid sorbents ion exchange polyurethane foams (IEPUFs) and commercial unloaded polyurethane foams (PUFs) based polyether type has been investigated. The retention of gold (I) species onto the investigated solid sorbents followed a first-order rate equation with an overall rate constant k in the range 2.2-2.8+/-0.2 s(-1). The sorption data of gold (I) followed Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. Thus, the a dual-mode of sorption mechanism involving absorption related to "weak base anion exchanger" and an added component for "surface adsorption" seems the most likely proposed dual mechanism for retention profile of gold (I) by the IEPUFs and PUFs solid sorbents. The capacity of the IEPUFs and PUFs towards gold (I) sorption calculated from the sorption isotherms was found to be 11.21+/-1.8 and 5.29+/-0.9 mg g(-1), respectively. The chromatographic separation of the spiked inorganic gold (I) from de ionized water at concentrations 5-15 microg mL(-1) onto the developed IEPUFs and PUFs packed columns at 10 mL min(-1) flow rate was successfully achieved. The retained gold (I) species were then recovered quantitatively from the IEPUFs (98.4+/-2.4%, n=5) and PUFs (95.4+/-3.4%, n=5) packed columns using perchloric acid (60 mL, 1.0 mol L(-1)) as a proper eluting agent. Thiourea (1.0 mol L(-1))-H2SO4 (0.1 mol L(-1)) system was also used as eluting agent for the recovery of gold (I) from IEPUFS (95.4+/-5.4%, n=3) and also PUFs (93.4+/-4.4%, n=3) packed columns. The performance of the IEPUFs and PUFs packed columns in terms of the height equivalent to the theoretical plates (HETP), number of plates (N), and critical and breakthrough capacities towards gold (I) species were evaluated. The developed IEPUFs packed column was applied successfully for complete retention and recovery (98.5+/-2.7) of gold (III) species spiked onto tap- and industrial wastewater samples at <10 microg Au mL(-1) after reduction to gold (I). The IEPUFs packed column was applied satisfactorily for complete retention and recovery (98.5+/-2.7) of total inorganic gold (I) and/or gold (III) species spiked to tap- and industrial wastewater samples at <10 microg mL(-1) gold. Chromatographic separation of gold (I) from silver (I) and base metal ions (Fe, Ni, Cu and Zn) using IEPUFS packed columns was satisfactorily achieved. The proposed method was applied successfully for the pre-concentration and separation from anodic slime and subsequent FAAS determination of analyte with satisfactory results (recoveries >95%, relative standard deviations <4.0%).


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center