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Neuroimage. 2008 Jan 1;39(1):279-89. Epub 2007 Aug 25.

A simple view of the brain through a frequency-specific functional connectivity measure.

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Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, SJD SSM, Dr. Antoni Pujadas, 42 Sant Boi de Llobregat 08830, Barcelona, Spain.


Here we develop a measure of functional connectivity describing the degree of covariability between a brain region and the rest of the brain. This measure is based on previous formulas for the mutual information (MI) between clusters of regions in the frequency domain. Under the current scenario, the MI can be given as a simple monotonous function of the multiple coherence and it leads to an easy visual representation of connectivity patterns. Computationally efficient formulas, adequate for short time series, are presented and applied to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data measured in subjects (N=34) performing a working memory task or being at rest. While resting state coherence in high (0.17-0.25 Hz) and middle (0.08-0.17 Hz) frequency intervals is bilaterally salient in several limbic and temporal areas including the insula, the amygdala, and the primary auditory cortex, low frequencies (<0.08 Hz) have greatest connectivity in frontal structures. Results from the comparison between resting and N-back conditions show enhanced low frequency coherence in many of the areas previously reported in standard fMRI activation studies of working memory, but task related reductions in high frequency connectivity are also found in regions of the default mode network. Finally, potentially confounding effects of head movement and regional volume on MI are identified and addressed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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