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Nano Lett. 2007 Nov;7(11):3305-14. Epub 2007 Oct 5.

Active nanodiamond hydrogels for chemotherapeutic delivery.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA.


Nanodiamond materials can serve as highly versatile platforms for the controlled functionalization and delivery of a wide spectrum of therapeutic elements. In this work, doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), an apoptosis-inducing drug widely used in chemotherapy, was successfully applied toward the functionalization of nanodiamond materials (NDs, 2-8 nm) and introduced toward murine macrophages as well as human colorectal carcinoma cells with preserved efficacy. The adsorption of DOX onto the NDs and its reversible release were achieved by regulating Cl- ion concentration, and the NDs were found to be able to efficiently ferry the drug inside living cells. Comprehensive bioassays were performed to assess and confirm the innate biocompatibility of the NDs, via real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and electrophoretic DNA fragmentation as well as MTT analysis confirmed the functional apoptosis-inducing mechanisms driven by the DOX-functionalized NDs. We extended the applicability of the DOX-ND composites toward a translational context, where MTT assays were performed on the HT-29 colon cancer cell line to assess DOX-ND induced cell death and ND-mediated chemotherapeutic sequestering for potential slow/sustained released capabilities. These and other medically relevant capabilities enabled by the NDs forge its strong potential as a therapeutically significant nanomaterial.

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