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J Phys Chem B. 2007 Oct 25;111(42):12177-84. Epub 2007 Oct 5.

Modified calix[4]pyrrole receptor: solution thermodynamics of anion complexation and a preliminary account on the phosphate extraction ability of its oligomer.

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Laboratory of Thermochemistry, Chemistry Division, School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.


A modified calix[4]pyrrole, namely meso-tetramethyl-tetrakis-(4-hydroxyphenyl) calix[4]pyrrole, 1, has been synthesized and characterized. (1)H NMR investigations in various deuterated solvents seems to indicate that this receptor interacts with acetone-d(6). The solution thermodynamics of 1 in various solvents is reported. Complexation studies in CD(3)CN show that the NH and OH functionalities of 1 are the active sites of its interaction with the fluoride and the dihydrogen phosphate anions. The composition of the anion complexes was established through conductance measurements. In all cases, 1:1 complexes are formed. The thermodynamics of anion complexation in acetonitrile and N,N-dimethylformamide is discussed comparatively with previous reported data for the parent calix[4]pyrrole, 2, and these anions in these solvents. The medium effect on anion complexation is discussed in terms of the solvation properties of the reactants and the product in acetonitrile and N,N-dimethylformamide. An oligomeric material containing 1 as anchor group was synthesized and characterized by mass spectrometry. Preliminary studies have been performed to assess the extracting properties of this oligomer for the removal of phosphates from aqueous solutions. The effects of pH, temperature on the extraction of this anion salt from water, as well as the kinetics of the process (fast) were investigated.

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