Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Stroke. 2007 Nov;38(11):2906-11. Epub 2007 Oct 4.

Stroke incidence, prognosis, 30-day, and 1-year case fatality rates in Matão, Brazil: a population-based prospective study.

Author information

Department of Neurology , Hospital Carlos Fernando Malzoni, Rua Sinharinha Frota, 556-Centro, Matão, São Paulo, Brazil.



Stroke is the main cause of death in Brazil and no prospective population-based study has been conducted in the country. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of stroke, stroke subtypes, case fatality, and prognosis after 1 year of follow-up in the city of Matão, Brazil.


Using overlapping methods of case ascertainment, all stroke cases that occurred in the city of Matão (population, 75,053) from November 1, 2003 to October 31, 2004 were followed-up at 1 month and 1 year after the episode. Standard criteria for population-based stroke studies were followed.


Of 141 suspect stroke cases identified, 81 were first-ever-in-a-lifetime strokes. All patients underwent a CT scan. The crude annual incidence rate per 100,000 per year was 108 (95% CI, 85.7-134.1) and the rate adjusted for sex and age to the Segi population was 137 (95% CI, 112.0 to 166.4) per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Ischemic stroke occurred in 69 (85.2%) subjects, intracerebral hemorrhage in 11 (13.6%), and subarachnoid hemorrhage in 1 (1.2%). The 30-day case fatality rate was 18.5 and the 1-year case fatality rate was 30.9%. After 1 year of follow-up, 43% of the patients were independent in activities of daily living, 49.4% had independent gait, and 15.9% had a recurrent stroke.


The present results are similar to those obtained in other stroke population-based studies. Future studies in Matão will provide the opportunity to discover ways to decrease the stroke burden in Brazil.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center