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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Oct 1;231(7):1036-8.

Risk behaviors for disease transmission among petting zoo attendees.

Author information

1
Tennessee Department of Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate risk behaviors for transmission of zoonotic diseases at petting zoos during a period without a recognized disease outbreak.

DESIGN:

Observational survey with environmental microbiologic sampling.

SAMPLE POPULATION:

6 petting zoos in Tennessee.

PROCEDURES:

Attendees were observed for animal and environmental contact, eating or drinking, hand-to-face contact, and use of a hand sanitizer. Hands were examined via bacteriologic culture on some attendees. Environmental samples were collected at three petting zoos.

RESULTS:

991 attendees were observed; of these, 74% had direct contact with animals, 87% had contact with potentially contaminated surfaces in animal contact areas, 49% had hand-to-face contact, and 22% ate or drank in animal contact areas. Thirty-eight percent used hand sanitizer; children had better compliance than adults. Results of bacteriologic cultures of hands were negative for Salmonella spp and Escherichia coli O157; Salmonella spp were isolated from 63% and E coli O157 from 6% of the environmental samples.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

High risk behaviors were common among petting zoo visitors, and disease prevention guidelines were inconsistently followed. This is an example of the importance of one-medicine, one-health initiatives in protecting the public health. Veterinarians, venue operators, and public health authorities must work together on targeted education to improve implementation of existing disease prevention guidelines.

PMID:
17916028
DOI:
10.2460/javma.231.7.1036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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