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BMC Genet. 2007 Oct 4;8:67.

Extended homozygosity is not usually due to cytogenetic abnormality.

Author information

1
Academic Centre for Psychiatry, St Bartholomew's and Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK. david.curtis@qmul.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies have reported frequent stretches of homozygosity in human subjects but have failed to clarify whether these are due to cytogenetic abnormalities or to autozygosity.

METHODS:

Trios which had been typed for closely spaced SNPs spanning the genome were studied. Stretches of extended homozygosity were identified in the child members, as were occasions on which the child had been genotyped as not inheriting one parental allele. The number of times such transmission errors occurred within regions of extended homozygosity was compared with the chance expectation.

RESULTS:

Transmission errors occurred more rarely in regions of extended homozygosity than would be expected by chance.

DISCUSSION:

Regions of extended homozygosity are not generally due to cytogenetic abnormalities such as uniparental isodisomy. They reflect the Mendelian inheritance of haplotypes from a common ancestor. This may have implications for mapping disease genes.

PMID:
17915038
PMCID:
PMC2082037
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2156-8-67
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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