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J Gen Microbiol. 1991 Dec;137(12):2851-6.

Fungicidal activity of Candida albicans-induced murine lymphokine-activated killer cells against C. albicans hyphae in vitro.

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Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy.


Multiple intraperitoneal injections of inactivated Candida albicans cells resulted in the generation of cytotoxic peritoneal cells with phenotypical and functional properties similar to in vitro-generated lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. Using an in vitro [3H]glucose uptake assay, C. albicans-induced LAK-like (CA-LAK) cells exhibited high levels of anti-hyphal activity, the effects being effector to target cell (E:T) ratio- and time-dependent. Maximal levels of anti-C. albicans activity (approximately 60%) were observed after 4 h and at E:T greater than or equal to 300:1. Similar patterns of anti-C. albicans activity were exerted by in vivo-activated natural killer (NK) cells, in vitro interleukin-2- (IL-2) generated LAK cells and polymorphonuclear cells. The anti-hyphal activity of CA-LAK cells was enriched by separation on a Percoll gradient, F2 and F3 fractions retaining most of the activity. Experiments using immunodepressed animals demonstrated that the in vivo lethality of the C. albicans hyphal form is significantly affected by in vitro pre-exposure to CA-LAK cells. While control mice receiving C. albicans alone had a median survival time of 2 d, mice receiving C. albicans pre-exposed to CA-LAK cells (E:T = 300:1) had a median survival time of 15 d. Overall, the susceptibility of the C. albicans hyphal form to CA-LAK cells suggests that C. albicans-induced effectors might play a significant role as a second-line defence mechanism against the C. albicans hyphal form.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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