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J Am Coll Nutr. 2007 Oct;26(5):405-11.

Effect of low dose antioxidant vitamin and trace element supplementation on the urinary concentrations of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites.

Author information

1
Département de Biologie Intégrée, CHU de Grenoble, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 9, France. JArnaud@chu-grenoble.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This trial evaluated the effect of antioxidant supplementation on the urinary excretion of 11-dehydro TXB(2)/2,3 dinor 6 keto PGF(1alpha) ratio, a marker of the pathogenesis of thrombosis and arteriosclerosis.

METHODS:

This study was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 186 presumably healthy volunteers. One hundred received a multi-antioxidant supplementation and 86 a placebo for two years. Blood zinc, selenium, beta-carotene, vitamin C and E and urinary excretion of 11-dehydro TXB(2) and 2,3 dinor 6 keto PGF(1alpha) were measured.

RESULTS:

Baseline subject characteristics did not differ between the two groups. Blood zinc, selenium, and beta-carotene concentrations significantly increased between baseline and two years in the multi-antioxidant supplementation group supporting subject compliance (p < 0.05). At two years, the median urinary 11-dehydro TXB(2)/2,3 dinor 6 keto PGF(1alpha) ratio was significantly lower in the multi-antioxidant supplementation group (3.4 versus 2.78, p = 0.015). Serum selenium concentration was the only antioxidant studied that was significantly related to the urinary 11-dehydro TXB(2)/2,3 dinor 6 keto PGF(1alpha) ratio.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results support the hypothesis that a low-dose multi-antioxidant supplementation may contributes to a reduction in platelet activation which is beneficial for cardiovascular function.

PMID:
17914127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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