Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007 Oct;75(5):671-82.

What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress.

Author information

1
Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. gab38@columbia.edu.

Abstract

A growing body of evidence suggests that most adults exposed to potentially traumatic events are resilient. However, research on the factors that may promote or deter adult resilience has been limited. This study examined patterns of association between resilience and various sociocontextual factors. The authors used data from a random-digit-dial phone survey (N = 2,752) conducted in the New York City area after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack. Resilience was defined as having 1 or 0 posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and as being associated with low levels of depression and substance use. Multivariate analyses indicated that the prevalence of resilience was uniquely predicted by participant gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, level of trauma exposure, income change, social support, frequency of chronic disease, and recent and past life stressors. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed.

PMID:
17907849
DOI:
10.1037/0022-006X.75.5.671
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association
Loading ...
Support Center