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J Pediatr Psychol. 2008 May;33(4):441-5. Epub 2007 Sep 28.

Brief report: maintenance of effects of motivational enhancement therapy to improve risk behaviors and HIV-related Health in a randomized controlled trial of youth living with HIV.

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1
Wayne State University Pediatric Prevention Research Center, University Health Center 6-D, 4201 St. Antoine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA. snaarkin@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the maintenance of effects of Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) shown to improve risk behaviors and viral load in youth living with HIV (YLH) immediately posttreatment.

METHODS:

Sixty-five youth (ages 16-25 years) were randomized to Healthy Choices or a waitlist control. Frequency of substance use, frequency of unprotected intercourse, and viral load were obtained at baseline, 3, and 6 months after study entry. The waitlist control then received intervention. An additional data collection was obtained at 9 months for follow-up of the original treatment group.

RESULTS:

One-tailed ANOVA showed that the treatment group had greater reductions in viral load and alcohol use from baseline to 6 months. These reductions appeared to be maintained at 9-month follow-up. Improvements in sexual risk were not evident.

CONCLUSIONS:

MET showed significant promise in reducing substance use and in improving HIV-related health in YLH immediately posttreatment. These effects were maintained after treatment termination.

PMID:
17905800
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsm087
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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