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Ann Bot. 2007 Dec;100(7):1507-15. Epub 2007 Sep 27.

Contrasting physiological responses of six eucalyptus species to water deficit.

Author information

  • 1School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. a.merchant@unsw.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The genus Eucalyptus occupies a broad ecological range, forming the dominant canopy in many Australian ecosystems. Many Eucalyptus species are renowned for tolerance to aridity, yet inter-specific variation in physiological traits, particularly water relations parameters, contributing to this tolerance is weakly characterized only in a limited taxonomic range. The study tests the hypothesis that differences in the distribution of Eucalyptus species is related to cellular water relations.

METHODS:

Six eucalypt species originating from (1) contrasting environments for aridity and (2) diverse taxonomic groups were grown in pots and subjected to the effects of water deficit over a 10-week period. Water potential, relative water content and osmotic parameters were analysed by using pressure-volume curves and related to gas exchange, photosynthesis and biomass.

KEY RESULTS:

The six eucalypt species differed in response to water deficit. Most significantly, species from high rainfall environments (E. obliqua, E. rubida) and the phreatophyte (E. camaldulensis) had lower osmotic potential under water deficit via accumulation of cellular osmotica (osmotic adjustment). In contrast, species from low rainfall environments (E. cladocalyx, E. polyanthemos and E. tricarpa) had lower osmotic potential through a combination of both constitutive solutes and osmotic adjustment, combined with reductions in leaf water content.

CONCLUSIONS:

It is demonstrated that osmotic adjustment is a common response to water deficit in six eucalypt species. In addition, significant inter-specific variation in osmotic potential correlates with species distribution in environments where water is scarce. This provides a physiological explanation for aridity tolerance and emphasizes the need to identify osmolytes that accumulate under stress in the genus Eucalyptus.

PMID:
17905722
PMCID:
PMC2759221
DOI:
10.1093/aob/mcm234
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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