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Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2008 Jan-Feb;40(1):8-12. Epub 2007 Oct 1.

The haploidentical option for high-risk haematological malignancies.

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Department of Hematology, University of Perugia, Italy.


Much progress has been made in the clinical, biological and technical aspects of the T-cell-depleted full-haplotype mismatched transplants for acute leukaemia. Our experience demonstrates that infusing a megadose of extensively T-cell-depleted haematopoietic peripheral blood stem cells after an immuno-myeloablative conditioning regimen in acute leukaemia patients ensures sustained engraftment with minimal GvHD without the need of any post-transplant immunosuppressive treatment. Since our first successful pilot study, our efforts have concentrated on developing new conditioning regimens, optimising the graft processing and improving the post-transplant immunological recovery. The results we have so far achieved in more than 200 high-risk acute leukaemia patients show that haploidentical transplantation is now a clinical reality. Because virtually all patients have a mismatched family member, who is immediately available, mismatched transplantation should be offered as a viable option to high-risk acute leukaemia patients who do not have, or cannot find, a matched donor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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