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Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007 Nov;45(2):427-36. Epub 2007 Aug 26.

The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round.

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Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Les Augr├Ęs Manor, Jersey JE3 5BP, Channel Islands, UK.


The pygmy hog, Sus salvanius, the smallest and rarest extant suid was first described as the only member of the genus Porcula. It is currently regarded as member of the genus Sus and a sister taxon of the domestic pig/Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa). Phylogenetic analyses of 2316 bp from three mtDNA loci (control-region, cytochrome b, 16S) by Bayesian inference and statistical testing of alternative phylogenetic hypotheses all support the original classification of the pygmy hog as a unique genus. Thus, we propose that the species name Porcula salvania should be resurrected. The reclassification will heighten awareness of the need for the future protection and survival of this unique species.

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