Send to

Choose Destination
Semin Perinatol. 2007 Oct;31(5):323-9.

Topical anesthesia in neonates: clinical practices and practical considerations.

Author information

Department of Pharmacy Practice, The Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Division of Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.


During the past two decades there has been a substantial increase in the number and types of topical anesthetics available. Options for the prevention of neonatal pain associated with skin-breaking procedures were previously limited to injections of lidocaine hydrochloride. Topical anesthetics are now available as creams, gels, and a heat-activated patch system. Although lidocaine injection continues to be widely used for pain associated with circumcision, lumbar puncture, or placement of central venous lines, practical information regarding the use of newer agents in the neonate is needed. This review seeks to expand the options for topical anesthesia in neonates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center