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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007 Dec;77(3):625-35. Epub 2007 Sep 27.

Characterization of a novel two-component regulatory system involved in the regulation of both actinorhodin and a type I polyketide in Streptomyces coelicolor.

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Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.


To seek more information on function of two-component regulatory systems (TCSs) in Streptomyces coelicolor, a dozen TCS-knockout mutants were generated, and phenotype changes were determined. One TCS (SCO5403/5404)-deleted mutant with phenotype change was obtained. Here, we report the characterization of this novel TCS, designated as RapA1/A2 (regulation of both actinorhodin and a type I polyketide), using genetic and proteomic approaches. Although growth and morphological analyses showed no difference between the knockout mutant and wild-type strain M145, a visible decrease of the production of actinorhodin (Act) was observed in rapA1/A2 mutant. The decrease can be restored by introducing rapA1/A2 genes on an integrative vector. A 2D-gel based proteomic analysis showed that knockout of rapA1/A2 resulted in reduced expression of a putative 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] reductase that is part of a biosynthetic cluster for a cryptic type I polyketide. Further reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses confirmed that expression levels of several biosynthetic genes and the respective pathway-specific regulatory genes actII-ORF4 and kasO for these two clusters were all down-regulated in the rapA1/A2 mutant, compared to M145. Taken together, the results demonstrated that RapA1/A2 may serve as a positive regulator for biosynthesis of both Act and the uncharacterized polyketide in S. coelicolor, and the effects exerted by RapA1/A2 were dependent on the pathway-specific regulatory genes.

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