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Can J Microbiol. 2007 Aug;53(8):931-6.

Molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt.


The few studies that have reported the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Saudi Arabia have indicated that a diverse number of circulating MRSA strains have been detected in several major hospitals. Thus, this study was designed to track the presence of MRSA strains in major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and perform comparative chromosomal DNA analysis of MRSA strains for epidemiological investigation using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Correlation of the PFGE types generated with microbiological and clinical data of the isolates was attempted. Screening for decreased susceptibility to vancomycin among the isolates was also done. A dendogram was generated using PFGE macrorestriction fragments and 6 types were identified (M1-M6) with M1 being predominant and widespread. A clear link between PFGE types and some clinical and microbiological data available for the strains was found. For example, M1 was statistically associated with male patients, whereas the unique types were associated with female patients, M2 was associated with isolates from wounds and age group <5 years, and M4 was associated with isolates from patients admitted to intensive care units. M5 was highly correlated with low sensitivity to linezolid. No vancomycin-resistant isolates were detected.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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