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PLoS Biol. 2007 Oct;5(10):e258.

Global analysis of posttranslational protein arginylation.

Author information

1
The Scripps Research Institute, LaJolla, California, United States of America.

Abstract

Posttranslational arginylation is critical for embryogenesis, cardiovascular development, and angiogenesis, but its molecular effects and the identity of proteins arginylated in vivo are largely unknown. Here we report a global analysis of this modification on the protein level and identification of 43 proteins arginylated in vivo on highly specific sites. Our data demonstrate that unlike previously believed, arginylation can occur on any N-terminally exposed residue likely defined by a structural recognition motif on the protein surface, and that it preferentially affects a number of physiological systems, including cytoskeleton and primary metabolic pathways. The results of our study suggest that protein arginylation is a general mechanism for regulation of protein structure and function and outline the potential role of protein arginylation in cell metabolism and embryonic development.

PMID:
17896865
PMCID:
PMC1988855
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.0050258
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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