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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Oct;26(4):863-70.

Manganese-enhanced MRI in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
MRI/MRS Laboratory, Human Biology Research Center, Department of Medical Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To measure intra- and inter-hemispheric connectivity within the basal ganglia (BG) nuclei in healthy and in unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) Parkinson disease rat model in order to test the BG interhemispheric connectivity hypothesis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) method with direct injection of manganese chloride into the entopeduncular (EP), substantia nigra (SN), and the Habenula nuclei in unilateral 6-OHDA (N = 22) and sham-operated (N = 16) rat groups was used. MEMRI measurements were applied before, 3, 24, and 48 hours post-manganese injection. Signal enhancements in T1-weighted images were compared between groups.

RESULTS:

Manganese injection into the EP nucleus resulted with bihemispheric signal enhancements in the habenular complex (Hab) at both groups with stronger enhancements in the 6-OHDA group. It also exhibited lower sensorimotor cortex signal enhancement in the 6-OHDA rat group. SN manganese injection caused enhanced anteroventral thalamic and habenular nuclei signals in the 6-OHDA rat group. Manganese habenula injection revealed enhanced interpeduncular (IP) and raphe nuclei signals of the 6-OHDA rat group.

CONCLUSION:

Modulations in the effective intra- and interhemispheric BG connectivity in unilateral 6-OHDA Parkinson's disease (PD) rat model support the BG interhemispheric connectivity hypothesis and suggest a linkage between the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems in PD, in line with clinical symptoms.

PMID:
17896372
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.21051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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