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Int Orthop. 2009 Apr;33(2):503-8. Epub 2007 Sep 26.

A radiographic and clinical comparison of two soft-tissue procedures for paralytic subluxation of the hip in cerebral palsy.

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Institute for Orthopaedic Surgery Banjica, Belgrade University School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.


This article summarises a comparative retrospective study (1983-2001) of 42 consecutive spastic-diplegic ambulatory patients (aged 2-10 years) by examining the radiographic and clinical results of two soft-tissue procedures for paralytic hip subluxation (PSH). Group A comprised 20 patients (26 PSHs) who were treated by iliopsoas tenotomy, and group B comprised 22 patients (31 PSHs) who were treated by rectus femoris and iliopsoas tenotomy with iliac crest resection (sartorius release). All patients had bilateral adductor tenotomies. At 8.8 years mean follow-up, group A migration percentages (MP) improved from 39.8% to 24.7% with 92.3% good/average results. At a mean follow-up period of 8.3 years, group B improved from 58.0% to 25.9% with 96.8% good/average results. Long-term hip reduction was achieved in 84.6% of group A and 80.6% of group B hips. Relative MP correction was superior in group B. No patient had MP progression in either the PSH or non-PSH hip. Walking ability improved in 55% of group A and 86% of group B patients (Functional Mobility Scale). In conclusion, we recommend release of all the principle hip flexors: rectus femoris, sartorius, and iliopsoas, coupled with adductor tenotomies, in this patient group.

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