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J Cell Physiol. 2008 Mar;214(3):721-9.

The MAP kinase JNK-1 of Caenorhabditis elegans: location, activation, and influences over temperature-dependent insulin-like signaling, stress responses, and fitness.

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Institut für Zoophysiologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany.


The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways and insulin-like signaling play pivotal roles in cellular stress response. Using an anti-phospho-SAPK/JNK antibody and a daf-16::GFP-based reporter assay, the present study shows in Caenorhabditis elegans that ambient temperature (1-37 degrees C) specifically influences the activation (phosphorylation) of the MAP kinase JNK-1 as well as the nuclear translocation of DAF-16, the main downstream target of insulin-like signaling. Activated JNK-1 was detected only in neuronal cells, and JNK-1 was found to be controlled by the MAPK JKK-1 under heat stress. Comparative analyses on the wildtype and a jnk-1 deletion mutant revealed a promoting influence of JNK-1 on both nuclear DAF-16 translocations and DAF-16 target gene (superoxide dismutase 3, sod-3) expressions within peripheral, non-neuronal tissue. Consequently, the mutant exhibited a reduced thermal tolerance and reproductive fitness at higher temperatures. These results provide evidence of indirect interactions between neuronal MAPK and peripheral insulin-like signaling in response to environmental stimuli (temperature, H2O2).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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