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Ann Surg. 2007 Oct;246(4):655-62; discussion 662-4.

Laparoscopic colectomy for cancer is not inferior to open surgery based on 5-year data from the COST Study Group trial.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, MO, and Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, MI, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Oncologic concerns from high wound recurrence rates prompted a multi-institutional randomized trial to test the hypothesis that disease-free and overall survival are equivalent, regardless of whether patients receive laparoscopic-assisted or open colectomy.

METHODS:

Eight hundred seventy-two patients with curable colon cancer were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic-assisted or open colectomy at 1 of 48 institutions by 1 of 66 credentialed surgeons. Patients were followed for 8 years, with 5-year data on 90% of patients. The primary end point was time to recurrence, tested using a noninferiority trial design. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and disease-free survival. (Kaplan-Meier)

RESULTS:

As of March 1, 2007, 170 patients have recurred and 252 have died. Patients have been followed a median of 7 years (range 5-10 years). Disease-free 5-year survival (Open 68.4%, Laparoscopic 69.2%, P=0.94) and overall 5-year survival (Open 74.6%, Laparoscopic 76.4%, P=0.93) are similar for the 2 groups. Overall recurrence rates were similar for the 2 groups (Open 21.8%, Laparoscopic 19.4%, P=0.25). These recurrences were distributed similarly between the 2 treatment groups. Sites of first recurrence were distributed similarly between the treatment arms (Open: wound 0.5%, liver 5.8%, lung 4.6%, other 8.4%; Laparoscopic: wound 0.9%, liver 5.5%, lung 4.6%, other 6.1%).

CONCLUSION:

Laparoscopic colectomy for curable colon cancer is not inferior to open surgery based on long-term oncologic endpoints from a prospective randomized trial.

PMID:
17893502
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e318155a762
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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