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Traffic. 2007 Dec;8(12):1841-53. Epub 2007 Oct 17.

Structural features of vps35p involved in interaction with other subunits of the retromer complex.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, 401 Tucker Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.

Abstract

The penta-subunit retromer complex of yeast mediates selective retrieval of membrane proteins from the prevacuolar endosome to the trans Golgi network. In this study, we set out to generate a panel of vps35 dominant-negative mutants that disrupt retromer-mediated cargo sorting. Mapping of the mutations revealed two types of alterations leading to dominant-negative behavior of the 944-amino acid protein: (i) mutations at or near the R(98) residue or (ii) C-terminal truncations exemplified by a nonsense mutation at codon 733. Both could be suppressed by overexpression of wild-type Vps35p, suggesting that these dominant-negative mutants compete for interactions with other retromer subunits. Interestingly, Vps35-R(98)W expression destabilized Vps26p while having no effect on Vps29p stability, while Vps35-Q(733)* expression affected Vps29p stability but had no effect on Vps26p. Measurement of Vps35/Vps26 and Vps35/Vps29 pairwise associations by coimmunoprecipitation in the presence or absence of other retromer subunits indicated that the R(98) residue, which is part of a conserved PRLYL motif, is critical for Vps35p binding to Vps26p, while both R(98) and residues 733-944 are needed for efficient binding to Vps29p.

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