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Indian J Med Res. 2007 Jul;126(1):28-33.

Pre-tertiary hospital care of patients with chronic kidney disease in India.

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Departments of Nephrology, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, India.



There is paucity of data available on how chronic kidney disease (CKD) is treated before referral to a tertiary hospital. This study was conducted to assess pre-tertiary hospital care of patients with CKD 5 at their presentation to nephrology services at a tertiary care hospital.


Over a period of 8 months, consecutive patients with CKD 5 presenting at the Nephrology services at Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, and their relatives were interviewed to assess the pre-tertiary hospital care and knowledge about CKD 5 and its treatment.


A total of 561 patients with CKD 5 were enrolled. The mean duration (months) of known CKD was 12.4 +/- 23.1 and known CKD 5 was 3.2 +/- 3.5. Of these, 369 patients (65.8%) had been under the care of a nephrologist; 305 patients had CKD 5 as the initial presentation of renal illness. Vaccination against hepatitis B had been initiated in only 133 patients (23.7%). Only 172 patients(38%) had an adequately controlled blood pressure. Care under a nephrologist was more likely to result in appropriate investigation, treatment and patient education though blood pressure control did not differ.


Paucity of symptoms in the initial stages of certain forms of CKD probably led to 50 per cent of patients presenting with CKD 5 as the initial presentation of renal disease. Inadequate vaccination against hepatitis B infection highlights the need for appropriate vaccination. Prevention of CKD and its progression are important targets which requires physician awareness at all levels. Early referral to a nephrologist's care is more likely to result in appropriate investigations and treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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