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Indian J Med Res. 2007 Jul;126(1):28-33.

Pre-tertiary hospital care of patients with chronic kidney disease in India.

Author information

1
Departments of Nephrology, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:

There is paucity of data available on how chronic kidney disease (CKD) is treated before referral to a tertiary hospital. This study was conducted to assess pre-tertiary hospital care of patients with CKD 5 at their presentation to nephrology services at a tertiary care hospital.

METHODS:

Over a period of 8 months, consecutive patients with CKD 5 presenting at the Nephrology services at Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, and their relatives were interviewed to assess the pre-tertiary hospital care and knowledge about CKD 5 and its treatment.

RESULTS:

A total of 561 patients with CKD 5 were enrolled. The mean duration (months) of known CKD was 12.4 +/- 23.1 and known CKD 5 was 3.2 +/- 3.5. Of these, 369 patients (65.8%) had been under the care of a nephrologist; 305 patients had CKD 5 as the initial presentation of renal illness. Vaccination against hepatitis B had been initiated in only 133 patients (23.7%). Only 172 patients(38%) had an adequately controlled blood pressure. Care under a nephrologist was more likely to result in appropriate investigation, treatment and patient education though blood pressure control did not differ.

INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION:

Paucity of symptoms in the initial stages of certain forms of CKD probably led to 50 per cent of patients presenting with CKD 5 as the initial presentation of renal disease. Inadequate vaccination against hepatitis B infection highlights the need for appropriate vaccination. Prevention of CKD and its progression are important targets which requires physician awareness at all levels. Early referral to a nephrologist's care is more likely to result in appropriate investigations and treatment.

PMID:
17890820
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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