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Blood. 2008 Jan 1;111(1):71-6. Epub 2007 Sep 21.

Fertility in male patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma treated with BEACOPP: a report of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG).

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Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany.


To date, there is little information on the impact of more aggressive treatment regimen such as BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone) on the fertility of male patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We evaluated the impact of BEACOPP regimen on fertility status in 38 male patients with advanced-stage HL enrolled into trials of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG). Before treatment, 6 (23%) patients had normozoospermia and 20 (77%) patients had dysspermia. After treatment, 34 (89%) patients had azoospermia, 4 (11%) had other dysspermia, and no patients had normozoospermia. There was no difference in azoospermia rate between patients treated with BEACOPP baseline and those given BEACOPP escalated (93% vs 87%, respectively; P > .999). After treatment, most of patients (93%) had abnormal values of follicle-stimulating hormone, whereas the number of patients with abnormal levels of testosterone and luteinizing hormone was less pronounced-57% and 21%, respectively. In univariate analysis, none of the evaluated risk factors (ie, age, clinical stage, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, B symptoms, large mediastinal mass, extranodal disease, and 3 or more lymph nodes) was statistically significant. Male patients with HL are at high risk of infertility after treatment with BEACOPP.

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