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Fertil Steril. 2008 Jun;89(6):1803-7. Epub 2007 Sep 24.

Prevalence of hysteroscopic findings and histologic diagnoses in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecology, State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ricardo@lasmar.com.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the prevalence of hysteroscopic findings and histologic diagnoses in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).

DESIGN:

Retrospective series of consecutive patients.

SETTING:

Tertiary care university hospital and private office.

PATIENT(S):

Four thousand fifty-four hysteroscopies with biopsy in patients with AUB evaluated between June 1993 and December 2004.

INTERVENTION(S):

Hysteroscopies were performed using 2.9-mm or 4-mm telescopes with CO(2) or saline as the distension media. Biopsies were done with a 5-mm grasper or with a Novak's curette.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Prevalence of hysteroscopic findings and histologic analysis of biopsies.

RESULT(S):

Endometrial polyp was the most frequent hysteroscopic finding, accounting for 1,374 (33.9%) cases. Normal uterine cavity and cervical canal were found in 814 (20.1%) patients. Submucous fibroids were diagnosed in 302 (7.5%) women. Normal endometrium was the most frequent histologic diagnosis, accounting for 1,888 (46.6%) cases. Endometrial polyp was found in 1,115 (27.5%) patients. Endometrial hyperplasia was diagnosed in 613 (15.1%) and endometrial cancer in 105 (2.6%) women.

CONCLUSION(S):

Endometrial polyps are the most frequent hysteroscopic findings in patients with AUB, whereas normal endometrium is the most frequent histologic diagnosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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