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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2007 Oct;13(10):1169-75. Epub 2007 Jul 27.

Chronic kidney disease after myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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Departments of Hematology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Because survival of recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has improved, long-term complications become more important. We studied the incidence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in these patients and evaluated associated posttransplant complications and mortality. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 266 adults who received myeloablative allogeneic HSCT and who survived for >6 months in an 11-year period at a Dutch university medical center. Primary outcome was the incidence of chronic kidney disease defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Chronic kidney disease developed in 61 (23%) of 266 patients, with a cumulative incidence rate of 27% at 10 years. Severe kidney disease (GFR of <30 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) developed in 3% of patients. Only 6 patients developed the thrombotic microangiopathic syndrome SCT nephropathy, and 2 of them needed dialysis. Pretransplant risk factors for chronic kidney disease were lower GFR at day 0 (P < .0001, odds ratio [OR] 0.95 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.93-0.97), female gender, and higher age (P = .001 and P < .0001, respectively). The occurrence of hypertension after transplantation was associated with chronic kidney disease (P < .0001, OR 0.34 95% CI 0.18-0.62). Mortality was 39% after a mean follow-up of 5.1 years. There was no significant difference in survival between patients with and without chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a common late complication of myeloablative allogeneic HSCT. Because of the natural decline in renal function with time there is a risk of developing end-stage renal disease in the future. SCT nephropathy seems to be a specific cause of chronic kidney disease that is typically associated with severe kidney disease.

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