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Semin Vasc Surg. 2007 Sep;20(3):175-83.

Role of stents and stent grafts in management of hemodialysis access complications.

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Different types of complications may occur during a percutaneous vascular access procedure and the majority of these complications are caused by balloon angioplasty. These balloon angioplasty-induced complications include venous rupture, venous dissection, and the development of an acute pseudoaneurysm. Balloon tamponade is the traditional percutaneous technique for management of these complications. However, insertion of a stent or stent graft has become an increasingly popular method to quickly and effectively repair a venous injury. A stent or stent graft may provide a more effective and durable method to treat balloon angioplasty-induced complications. Unfortunately, there are few, if any, clinical studies to substantiate the advantages and cost-effectiveness of these devices and so their use remains controversial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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