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J Biotechnol. 2007 Oct 15;132(1):23-31. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

Preparation and characterization of cross-linked laccase aggregates and their application to the elimination of endocrine disrupting chemicals.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, Universit√© de Sherbrooke, 2500 Boulevard de l'Universit√©, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1K 2R1.


Laccase from the white rot fungus Coriolopsis polyzona was immobilized for the first time through the formation of cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs). Laccase CLEAs were produced by using 1000g of polyethylene glycol per liter of enzyme solution as precipitant and 200muM of glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. These CLEAs had a laccase activity of 148Ug(-1) and an activity recovery of 60.2% when using 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) as substrate. CLEAs formed by co-aggregation with bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a stabilizer showed lower laccase activity and affinity for ABTS than those without BSA. The CLEAs co-aggregated with BSA showed higher residual activity against a protease, NaN(3), EDTA, methanol and acetone. The thermoresistance was higher for CLEAs than for free laccase and also higher for CLEAs co-aggregated with BSA than for simple CLEAs when tested at a pH of 3 and a temperature of 40 degrees C. Finally, laccase CLEAs were tested for their capacity to eliminate the known or suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) nonylphenol, bisphenol A and triclosan in a fluidized bed reactor. A 100-ml reactor with 0.5mg of laccase CLEAs operated continuously at a hydraulic retention time of 150min at room temperature and pH 5 could remove all three EDCs from a 5mgl(-1) solution.

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