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J Med Case Rep. 2007 Sep 20;1:97.

Congenital partial arhinia: a case report.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Ba┼čkent University, Ankara, Turkey.


Congenital arhinia is an extremely rare anomaly consisting of an absence of external nasal structures and nasal passages. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported. Patients with a familial absence of the nose have been reported, but the effects of genetic and maternal factors are unknown. Midface hypoplasia may accompany arhinia. Accompanying malformations are thought to be caused by an absent or rudimentary nose. A patient with partial congenital arhinia is presented and the embryology and literature review are discussed.

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