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Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2007 Jul-Aug;(4):6-11.

[Avidity of immunoglobulin G to rubella virus in post-vaccination and post-infection immunity].

[Article in Russian]


Comparative evaluation of avidity of IgG to rubella virus in vaccinated persons, in patients with rubella or other exanthematous illness, and in healthy persons revealed similar patterns in post-vaccination and post-infection immunity. Virus specific low avidity IgG (index of avidity < or =30%) were detected in patients with rubella during 7 weeks after symptoms appeared as well as in vaccinated persons which were tested 6 weeks after vaccination. Low avidity antibodies in sera were detected in 96% of patients with rubella and in 75% of vaccinated persons which were not immune before immunization. Live attenuated vaccines Ervevax, Priorix, and MMR-II had similar ability to induce low avidity IgG to rubella virus. Increase of low avidity antibodies concentration was noted after immunization of children with low levels of antibodies before vaccination. After immunization of persons with high avidity antibodies in serum, index of avidity remained above threshold. Anamnestic high avidity IgG (index of avidity 51-100%) were detected in majority of immune healthy persons (96.4%) as well as in patients with exanthematous illnesses not related to rubella infection (93.6%). ELISA test-systems for detection of low avidity IgG to rubella virus allow to obtain reliable information about seroconversion rate and characteristics of immune response in vaccines. Detection of low avidity IgG in serum obtained 5-6 weeks after immunization points to primary immune response, whereas identification of high avidity antibodies reveals already immune persons.

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