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Cytotherapy. 2007;9(6):587-92.

mRNA transfection of DC in the immature or mature state: comparable in vitro priming of Th and cytotoxic T lymphocytes against DC electroporated with tumor cell line-derived mRNA.

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Section for Immunotherapy, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.



The use of mRNA in vaccine studies has generally been through loading or transfection of immature DC followed by a maturation step. A recent study has suggested that this strategy may result in inferior priming of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Furthermore the study did not address any possible effects on the priming of CD4(+) T-cell responses.


We compared mRNA transfection of mature DC with that of immature DC, using as a read-out their capacity to prime autologous T cells during one cycle of in vitro stimulation. In this model system we used mRNA from the tumor cell line Jurkat E6. DC transfected at either the immature stage (day 5) or mature stage (day 7) displayed a similar phenotype.


Interestingly, no major differences in their ability to prime CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses were observed. As in vitro priming to some extent may reflect the capacity of these DC to prime T cells in vivo after vaccination, these studies support the use of mRNA-transfected mature DC in clinical protocols.


Transfection of DC at the end of the maturation process represents a logistical improvement in the GMP production of mRNA-transfected DC for clinical protocols.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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