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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2007 Jul-Aug;31(4):534-8.

Comparison of phased-array 3.0-T and endorectal 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of local staging accuracy for prostate cancer.

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1
Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. rapark@skku.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To retrospectively evaluate local staging accuracy for prostate cancer at 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by comparing with that at 1.5-T MRI.

METHODS:

Two groups, each consisting of 54 patients, were included by matching for age, prostate specific antigen, and Gleason score. Before radical prostatectomy, 1 group underwent 3.0-T MRI using a phased-array coil, and the other 1.5-T MRI using an endorectal coil. T2-weighted MR images at 3.0 and 1.5 T were analyzed in consensus by 2 radiologists, and their staging accuracy was compared with histology. Artifact and overall image quality were compared at both 3.0 and 1.5 T.

RESULTS:

Accuracy for T3 stage at 3.0 and 1.5 T were 72% (39/54) and 70% (38/54), respectively (P > 0.05). The 3.0-T MRI had a lower incidence of MR artifacts than the 1.5-T MRI (P < 0.05). However, overall imaging quality at both 3.0 and 1.5 T had no significant difference (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

The 3.0-T phased-array MRI is equivalent to the 1.5-T endorectal MRI in evaluating local staging accuracy for prostate cancer without significant loss of imaging quality.

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