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Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry sequencing of novel skin peptides from Ranid frogs containing disulfide bridges.

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Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia.


Tandem mass spectrometry sequencing, as well as Edman sequencing of peptides belonging to the Rana genus, represents a difficult task due to the presence of a disulfide bridge at the C-terminus and their rather high molecular masses (over 2000 Da). The present study throws light upon the sequence of three rather long peptides (more than 20 amino acid residues each) isolated from the skin secretion of Russian frogs, Rana ridibunda and Rana arvalis. This novel aspect involves the fact that the sequences (including two sequences established de novo) were determined exclusively by means of mass spectrometry. A combination of electron capture dissociation (ECD) and collision-induced dissociaiton (CID) data accompanied by exact mass measurements (LTQ Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer) facilitated reaching the goal. To overcome the difficulty dealing with disulphide bridges ("Rana box"), reduction of the S-S bond with dithiotreitol followed by derivatization of Cys residues with iodoacetamide was used. The sequence was determined using combined spectral data on y and b series of fragment ions. A multiple mass spectrometry (MS(3)) experiment was also used to elucidate the sequence inside the "Rana box" after cysteine derivatization. Exact mass measurements were used to differentiate between Lys and Gln residues, while characteristic losses of 29 and 43 Da (d and w fragment ions) in CID and ECD experiments allowed us to distinguish between Ile and Leu isomeric acids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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