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Gut. 2008 Feb;57(2):243-51. Epub 2007 Sep 19.

The novel gene MIA2 acts as a tumour suppressor in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
University of Regensburg, Department of Internal Medicine I, D-93042 Regensburg, Germany. claus.hellerbrand@klinik.uni-regensburg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Melanoma inhibitory activity 2 (MIA2) is a novel gene of the MIA gene family. The selective expression of MIA2 in hepatocytes is controlled by hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 1 binding sites in the MIA2 promotor. In contrast, in most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) MIA2 expression is down-regulated or lost.

AIM:

In this study we examined the regulation and functional role of MIA2 in hepatocancerogenesis.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In HCC cell lines and tissues HNF-1 expression was lower than in primary human hepatocytes (PHH) and corresponding non-tumorous tissue, respectively, and correlated significantly with the down-regulation of MIA2 expression. Re-expression of HNF-1 in HCC cells reinduced MIA2 in HCC cells to similar levels as found in PHH. Further, MIA2 was re-expressed in HCC cell lines by stable transfection, and the generated cell clones revealed a strongly reduced invasive potential and proliferation rate in vitro. In line with these findings treatment of HCC cells with recombinant MIA2 inhibited proliferation and invasion. In nude mice MIA2 re-expressing HCC cells grew significantly slower and revealed a less invasive growth pattern. Immunohistochemical analysis of a tissue microarray containing HCC and corresponding non-cancerous liver tissue of 85 patients confirmed reduced MIA2 expression in HCC. Furthermore, MIA2 negative HCC tissue showed a significantly higher Ki67 labelling index and loss of MIA2 expression correlated significantly with more advanced tumour stages.

CONCLUSION:

This study presents MIA2 as an inhibitor of HCC growth and invasion both in vitro and in vivo, and consequently, as a tumour suppressor of HCC. Further, our findings indicate a novel mechanism, how loss of HNF-1 expression in HCC affects tumorigenicity via down-regulation of MIA2.

PMID:
17881540
DOI:
10.1136/gut.2007.129544
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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