Send to

Choose Destination
J Interv Cardiol. 2007 Oct;20(5):335-9.

Angiographic no-reflow phenomenon and plaque characteristics by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Author information

Cardiovascular Division, Jichi Medical University, Omiya Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.



This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the occurrence of the angiographic no-reflow phenomenon in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the preintervention plaque composition as assessed by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS).


The angiographic no-reflow phenomenon is an adverse prognostic factor in patients with AMI.


We enrolled consecutive 50 patients with ST-elevation AMI was treated by primary stent implantation. All culprit lesions were imaged by VH-IVUS before stent implantation. The angiographic no-reflow phenomenon was defined as a decrease in final TIMI flow grade compared with TIMI flow grade before stent implantation.


Eight of 50 patients developed angiographic no-reflow after stent implantation. Gray-scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) showed significantly larger external elastic membrane volume and plaque burden in the no-reflow group. VH-IVUS showed a trend toward larger percentage of fibro-fatty plaque volume in the no-reflow group than in the reflow group (23.1 +/- 3.5 vs. 17.0 +/- 1.1%, P = 0.05). The presence of "marble"-like image, mainly consisting of fibro-fatty and fibrous plaque (plaque volume of fibro-fatty + fibrous >80% and containing fibro-fatty plaque volume >10%) was associated with angiographic no-reflow (P = 0.02). Corrected TIMI frame counts of the cases with "marble"-like image were significantly larger than the cases without it (46.8 +/- 5.6 vs. 27.4 +/- 2.3, P = 0.01).


The culprit lesions with large plaque burden, or with "marble"-like image by VH-IVUS, are associated with the angiographic no-reflow phenomenon in patients with AMI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center