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J Nephrol. 2007 Jul-Aug;20(4):417-22.

Warfarin and aortic valve calcification in hemodialysis patients.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. holdenr@kgh.kari.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This retrospective cohort study was designed to determine the association between long-term exposure to warfarin and severity of aortic valve (AV) calcification in hemodialysis (HD) patients.

METHODS:

One hundred and eight HD patients underwent a study-specific echocardiogram. A grading scheme was used to classify AV calcification as none, mild, moderate and severe. Demographic, biochemical and medication data were abstracted by chart review.

RESULTS:

One hundred and eight subjects were enrolled. A minority had no calcification (n=17, 15.7%), the majority had mild calcification (n=62, 57.4%), and fewer had calcification rated as moderate (n=16, 14.8%) or severe (n=13, 12%). Dialysis vintage was associated with severity of AV calcification (p=0.04). The 18 subjects with long-term warfarin exposure (36.7 +/- 19.7 months) were more likely to have severe AV calcification (p=0.04). The odds ratio of falling into a higher category of AV calcification following 18 months of warfarin was 3.77 (95% confidence ratio, 0.97-14.70; p=0.055). There was an association between lifetime months of warfarin exposure and severity of AV calcification (p=0.004) that was independent of dialysis vintage, calcium and calcitriol intake.

CONCLUSIONS:

The data suggest that warfarin may be associated with severity of AV calcification in HD patients and support the need for prospective studies.

PMID:
17879207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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