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Eur J Epidemiol. 2007;22(12):839-69. Epub 2007 Sep 18.

The Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration: analysis of individual data on lipid, inflammatory and other markers in over 1.1 million participants in 104 prospective studies of cardiovascular diseases.

Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, Danesh J, Erqou S, Walker M, Thompson SG, Tipping R, Ford C, Pressel S, Walldius G, Jungner I, Folsom AR, Chambless LE, Knuiman M, Whincup PH, Wannamethee SG, Morris RW, Willeit J, Kiechl S, Santer P, Mayr A, Wald N, Ebrahim S, Lawlor DA, Yarnell JW, Gallacher J, Casiglia E, Tikhonoff V, Nietert PJ, Sutherland SE, Bachman DL, Keil JE, Cushman M, Psaty BM, Tracy RP, Tybjaerg-Hansen A, Nordestgaard BG, Frikke-Schmidt R, Giampaoli S, Palmieri L, Panico S, Vanuzzo D, Pilotto L, Simons L, McCallum J, Friedlander Y, Fowkes FG, Lee AJ, Smith FB, Taylor J, Guralnik J, Phillips C, Wallace R, Blazer D, Khaw KT, Jansson JH, Donfrancesco C, Salomaa V, Harald K, Jousilahti P, Vartiainen E, Woodward M, D'Agostino RB, Wolf PA, Vasan RS, Pencina MJ, Bladbjerg EM, Jorgensen T, Moller L, Jespersen J, Dankner R, Chetrit A, Lubin F, Rosengren A, Wilhelmsen L, Lappas G, Eriksson H, Bjorkelund C, Cremer P, Nagel D, Tilvis R, Strandberg T, Rodriguez B, Bouter LM, Heine RJ, Dekker JM, Nijpels G, Stehouwer CD, Rimm E, Pai J, Sato S, Iso H, Kitamura A, Noda H, Goldbourt U, Salomaa V, Salonen JT, Nyyssönen K, Tuomainen TP, Deeg D, Poppelaars JL, Meade T, Cooper J, Hedblad B, Berglund G, Engstrom G, Döring A, Koenig W, Meisinger C, Mraz W, Kuller L, Selmer R, Tverdal A, Nystad W, Gillum R, Mussolino M, Hankinson S, Manson J, De Stavola B, Knottenbelt C, Cooper JA, Bauer KA, Rosenberg RD, Sato S, Naito Y, Holme I, Nakagawa H, Miura H, Ducimetiere P, Jouven X, Crespo C, Garcia-Palmieri M, Amouyel P, Arveiler D, Evans A, Ferrieres J, Schulte H, Assmann G, Shepherd J, Packard C, Sattar N, Cantin B, Lamarche B, Després JP, Dagenais GR, Barrett-Connor E, Wingard D, Bettencourt R, Gudnason V, Aspelund T, Sigurdsson G, Thorsson B, Trevisan M, Witteman J, Kardys I, Breteler M, Hofman A, Tunstall-Pedoe H, Tavendale R, Lowe GD, Ben-Shlomo Y, Howard BV, Zhang Y, Best L, Umans J, Onat A, Meade TW, Njolstad I, Mathiesen E, Lochen ML, Wilsgaard T, Gaziano JM, Stampfer M, Ridker P, Ulmer H, Diem G, Concin H, Rodeghiero F, Tosetto A, Brunner E, Shipley M, Buring J, Cobbe SM, Ford I, Robertson M, He Y, Ibanez AM, Feskens EJ, Kromhout D, Collins R, Di Angelantonio E, Kaptoge S, Lewington S, Orfei L, Pennells L, Perry P, Ray K, Sarwar N, Scherman M, Thompson A, Watson S, Wensley F, White IR, Wood AM.


Many long-term prospective studies have reported on associations of cardiovascular diseases with circulating lipid markers and/or inflammatory markers. Studies have not, however, generally been designed to provide reliable estimates under different circumstances and to correct for within-person variability. The Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration has established a central database on over 1.1 million participants from 104 prospective population-based studies, in which subsets have information on lipid and inflammatory markers, other characteristics, as well as major cardiovascular morbidity and cause-specific mortality. Information on repeat measurements on relevant characteristics has been collected in approximately 340,000 participants to enable estimation of and correction for within-person variability. Re-analysis of individual data will yield up to approximately 69,000 incident fatal or nonfatal first ever major cardiovascular outcomes recorded during about 11.7 million person years at risk. The primary analyses will involve age-specific regression models in people without known baseline cardiovascular disease in relation to fatal or nonfatal first ever coronary heart disease outcomes. This initiative will characterize more precisely and in greater detail than has previously been possible the shape and strength of the age- and sex-specific associations of several lipid and inflammatory markers with incident coronary heart disease outcomes (and, secondarily, with other incident cardiovascular outcomes) under a wide range of circumstances. It will, therefore, help to determine to what extent such associations are independent from possible confounding factors and to what extent such markers (separately and in combination) provide incremental predictive value.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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