Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Sep;12(3):192-204.

Tissue ACE inhibitors for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with preserved left ventricular function: a pooled meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A pooled meta-analysis of published, randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials to evaluate the role of tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with preserved left ventricular function.

SOURCES:

Peer-reviewed journals listed in Index Medicus/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

STUDY SELECTION:

Randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials of at least 12 months' duration, in patients with a prior cardiovascular event or at high risk for cardiovascular events, were analyzed. DATA SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 31,555 patients (136,882 patient-years) from 4 trials were selected for the meta-analysis. Relative risk estimations were made using data pooled from these trials, and statistical significance was determined using the chi2 test. The number of patients needed to treat was also calculated for each outcome.

RESULTS:

Tissue ACE inhibitors significantly reduced the risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, acute myocardial infarction, and stroke (P < .001 for each). The need for invasive coronary revascularization was reduced (P = .03), as was the risk of hospitalization for congestive heart failure (P = .001). The occurrence of new-onset diabetes was also significantly reduced (P < .001), but the risk of hospitalization for angina was not significantly affected (P = .677). Treating about 100 patients for about 4.5 years would prevent 1 death, 1 non-fatal myocardial infarction, 1 cardiovascular death, or 1 invasive coronary revascularization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tissue ACE inhibitors have demonstrated benefit when used for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with preserved left ventricular function in randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials.

PMID:
17875946
DOI:
10.1177/1074248407304791
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Health
    Loading ...
    Support Center