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Pediatr Int. 2007 Oct;49(5):577-83.

Self-perceived health among early adolescents: role of psychosocial factors.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Division of Behavioral Sciences, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary. pikobettina@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The authors examined self-perceived health and psychosocial health in 10-15 year old children and the relationship between children's self-perceived health and a set of psychosocial health status measurements.

METHODS:

Data were collected from middle school students (n = 548; age range, 10-15 years of age; mean, 12.2 years; SD, 1.2 years) using randomly selected classes from four schools in different school districts in Szeged, Hungary. The self-administered questionnaires contained items on sociodemographics; school achievement; height and weight (body mass index); self-perceived health and fitness; health behaviors; and anger and psychosomatic health. The self-perceived health variable was dichotomized and expressed with poor/fair or good/excellent perceptions of one's own health.

RESULTS:

Most of the children evaluated their own health as excellent or good. Logistic regression analyses revealed that poor academic achievement, socioeconomic status self-assessment, smoking, alcohol use, sports activity, self-perceived fitness, and high levels of anger and psychosomatic symptoms were associated with an increased likelihood of reported poor/fair perceptions of health.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings reflect that psychosocial factors are important influences of self-perceived health in an early adolescent population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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