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Neuropsychol Rev. 2007 Sep;17(3):239-57.

Alcohol: effects on neurobehavioral functions and the brain.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, L-815, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA. oscar@bu.edu

Abstract

Alcoholism results from an interplay between genetic and environmental factors, and is linked to brain defects and associated cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impairments. A confluence of findings from neuroimaging, physiological, neuropathological, and neuropsychological studies of alcoholics indicate that the frontal lobes, limbic system, and cerebellum are particularly vulnerable to damage and dysfunction. An integrative approach employing a variety of neuroscientific technologies is essential for recognizing the interconnectivity of the different functional systems affected by alcoholism. In that way, relevant experimental techniques can be applied to assist in determining the degree to which abstinence and treatment contribute to the reversal of atrophy and dysfunction.

PMID:
17874302
PMCID:
PMC4040959
DOI:
10.1007/s11065-007-9038-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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